We live in an information society. Data is becoming a substrate on which we are able to accelerate our research and education across all disciplines. This data is both big and broad, encompassing not only science, engineering, technology, but also social science, anthropology, history, and governments. It spans from the extents of the universe, through to human-scale, down into our DNA, and fundamental particles. In this talk we explore how Cloud Computing is enabling new capabilities and insight in data-intensive research, through services and tools in areas including Big History, Astronomy, Genomics, Medicine, and Environmental Science.